2 edition of Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data found in the catalog.
Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data
R. Theodore Hurr
|Statement||by R. Theodore Hurr and David W. Litke ; prepared in cooperation with the Colorado Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources, Office of the State Engineer.|
|Series||Water-resources investigations report -- 89-4107.|
|Contributions||Litke, David W., Colorado. Division of Water Resources., Geological Survey (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 27 p. :|
|Number of Pages||27|
Groundwater Extraction Except in areas where groundwater comes naturally to the surface at a spring (a place where the water table intersects the ground surface), we have to construct wells in order to extract it. If the water table is relatively close to the surface, a well can be dug by hand or with an excavator, but in most cases we need to use a drill to go down deep enough. stage of ground water development is about 58%, the average stage of ground water development in North Western PlainStates is much higher (98%) when compared t o the Eastern Plain States (43%) and Central Plain States (42%). Management of ground water resources in the Indian context is an extremely complex proposition.
We estimate that, by , environmental flow limits will be reached for approximately 42 to 79 per cent of the watersheds in which there is groundwater pumping worldwide, and that this will. Pumping from numerous irrigation wells across the High Plains is the primary mechanism for groundwater discharge. Farmers began to use ground water for irrigation in the s, to a much greater extent in the s, and by the estimated irrigated acreage in the area overlying the High Plains aquifer reached over 55 km 2.
Multifamily starts were down 26% over the same time period. The largest multifamily projects to start during the first half of the year were the $95 million W 8 th St. mixed-use project in Los Angeles and the $93 million First Point residential building in Santa Ana CA. The USGS's National Water Use Information Program compiles and publishes the Nation's water-use data. Public access to some of these data is provided via the USGS Water Data for the Nation site (additional background). Water use refers to water that is used for specific purposes. Water-use data is collected by area type (State, county, watershed or aquifer) and source .
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Time information, primarily through the use of energy-consumption data. Further, this report describes methods for "rating" pumping plants; that is, pumping-rate and energy-consumption information are combined into a single factor that then can be used to estimate ground-water withdrawals.
MethodsCited by: 7. Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy- consumption data: Series title: Water-Resources Investigations Report: Series number: DOI: /wri Edition-Year Published: Language: ENGLISH: Publisher: Dept.
of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey: Books and Open-File Reports Section [distributor. Get this from a library. Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data.
[R Theodore Hurr; David W Litke; Colorado. Office of the State Engineer.; Geological Survey (U.S.)]. Estimating Pumping Time and Ground-water Withdrawals Using Energy-consumption Data. by R.
Theodore Hurr,David W. Litke. Author: R. Theodore Hurr,David W. Litke. How to use energy to heal the animals in your life. Author: Elizabeth.
Hurr TR, Litke DW () Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report Jang CS, Liu CW () Geostatistical analysis and conditional simulation for estimating the spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity in the Choushui river Cited by: Direct approaches to estimate GWW.
Direct approaches are those in which the withdrawal volume is either metered on each individual pumping plant (manual or automatic) or is calculated through rate-time methods (RTMs) by multiplying an average pumping rate by a cumulative pumping time (Hurr and Litke, ).Since the direct measurement of pumping.
Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data by R. Theodore Hurr Ground-water data from the San Miguel River Basin, southwestern Colorado by D. J Ackerman (Book) 1 edition published.
Hurr, R.T., and Litke, D.W.,Estimating pumping time and ground-water withdrawals using energy-consumption data: U.S.
Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report27 p. International Great Lakes Diversions and Consumptive Uses Study Board,Great Lakes diversions and consumptive uses: Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Pumping can affect the level of the water table. Groundwater occurs in the saturated soil and rock below the water table. If the aquifer is shallow enough and permeable enough to allow water to move through it at a rapid-enough rate, then people can drill wells into it and withdraw water.
Using these energy calculators provides rough figures. You should use the results to get a rough estimate of the size and cost of your required system. To get more accurate information it is advised that you consult an accredited renewable energy supplier.
For information about how heat pumps work, see the Heat Pumps article this web site. It was possible to calculate the real index of unit water use, q j, Mk, for the actual number of occupants provided with water by pumping stations no.
10, 11 and For the other pumping stations, only an approximate index of unit water use, q j (assuming from three to four people per flat), was indicated due to a lack of data concerning the number of occupants.
This letter consists of a first-order analysis of the primary energy embedded in water in the United States. Using a combination of top-down sectoral assessments of energy use together with a bottom-up allocation of energy-for-water on a component-wise and service-specific level, our analysis concludes that energy use in the residential, commercial, industrial and.
Quantification of the rate of natural ground water recharge is a pre-requisite for efficient ground water resource management. It is particularly important in regions with large demands for ground. Residential and Commercial sector energy consumption data reﬂect DOE’s Building’ s Energy Data Book [ 17, 18 ], various sources from the EIA [ 19 – 21 ], and EPRI’ s projections.
Both pumps selected have a design life of 15 years. Pump station and rising mains maintenance costs are the same for both options 20 yr life cycle cost period with a 7% discount rate. Sensitivity analysis required at discount rates of 4% and 10%. System Data Base Year / Pumping Station Structure Capital / Maintenance.
Overuse and Depletion. Groundwater is the largest source of usable, fresh water in the world. In many parts of the world, especially where surface water supplies are not available, domestic, agricultural, and industrial water needs can only be met by using the water beneath the ground.
pumping for a select period of time or by “call-on-demand” through use of reservoir level control switches). Each water system should be evaluated based on its mode of operation and hydraulic capabilities.
Continuous Pumping. The method for determining ES requirements depends upon the mode of source pump operation. History and hydrologic effects of ground water use in Kings, Queens, and western Nassau counties, Long Island, New York, 's through Ground-water withdrawals from the aquifers underlying Kings and Queens Counties varied temporally and spatially during the 20th century and caused extreme changes in water levels.
Land use data and cropping patterns: Land use data are required for estimating the evapotranspiration losses from the water table through forested area. Cropping pattern data are necessary for estimating the spatial and temporal distributions of groundwater withdrawals, if.
Byenergy consumption will increase by 50% which will increase the energy sector's water consumption by 85% Today 15% of global water withdrawals are for energy production. Zapecza, O.S., Voronin, L.V., and Martin, M.,Ground-water-withdrawal and water-level data used to simulate regional flow in the major Coastal Plain aquifers of New Jersey: U.S.
Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Reportp.Their two decades of data show that groundwater pumping overall is down 17 percent in the last decade; the biggest agricultural user, Meadowbrook Farms, has cut its annual consumption by nearly a third percent in the same period, from 9, acre-feet to 6, acre-feet.
Mr. Zbeda’s water district used 29 percent less over that period. By the time the GRACE program went out of service last year, even finer-grained analysis was possible using data from additional satellites, like NASA's Landsat remotely gathered.